Barbados is the most easterly island in the Caribbean island chain, situated above South America, northeast of Venezuela and north of Guyana. The Atlantic Ocean sits to the east of the island, and Caribbean Sea to the west. The capital city is Bridgetown, located in the parish of St Michael.
Barbados is made of limestone and the land area of the island measures 166.4 square miles (431 km2). It is 21 miles (34 kilometers) in length and 14 miles (23 kilometers).
The terrain is relatively flat in comparison to other Caribbean islands however there is a gentle rise to a central highland region of the island – Mount Hillaby in the parish of St Andrew being the highest point, measuring approximately 1,115 feet above sea level.
Because Barbados is nested just north of the equator, the climate is considered to be moderately tropical and temperatures typically range from between 80-86 degrees Fahrenheit (27-30 degrees Celsius) and 70 – 76% humidity for most of the year.
December to May is considered the dry season in Barbados, and also considered the ‘winter’ period.
The wet season begins in June and runs until November, the ‘summer’ months for the island. This season also brings with it the Caribbean hurricane season, although Barbados continually tends to be spared the direct hit of any major hurricane.